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North Dakota Constitutional Measure 1[1] of 2004, is a so-called "defense of marriage amendment" that amended the North Dakota Constitution to make it unconstitutional for the state to recognize or perform same-sex marriages or civil unions. The referendum was approved by 73% of the voters.[2]

The text of the amendment states:

Marriage consists only of the legal union between a man and a woman. No other domestic union, however denominated, may be recognized as a marriage or given the same or substantially equivalent legal effect.[3]


  1. Election Results, 2004 General Election, North Dakota Secretary of State Election Management System. Accessed 20 December 2006.
  2. Election 2004 - Ballot Measures Accessed 30 November 2006.
  3. North Dakota Constitution, Article XI, section 28. Accessed 20 December 2006.

External links

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Same-sex unions in the United States

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