Dr. Franklin E. Kameny (born May 21, 1925 in New York City) is "[o]ne of the most significant figures" in the American gay rights movement. In 1957, Dr. Kameny was dismissed from his position as an astronomer in the Army Map Service in Washington, D.C. because of his homosexuality, leading him to begin "a Herculean struggle with the American establishment that would transform the homophile movement" and "spearhead a new period of militancy in the homosexual rights movement of the early 1960s".
Dr. Kameny is creditedTemplate:Who with bringing an aggressive new tone to the gay civil rights struggle. Dr. Kameny and the Mattachine Society of Washington pressed for fair and equal treatment of gay employees in the federal government by fighting security clearance denials, employment restrictions and dismissals, and working with other groups to press for equality for gay citizens. In 1968, Dr. Kameny, inspired by Stokely Carmichael's creation of the phrase "Black is Beautiful", created the slogan "Gay is Good" for the gay civil rights movement. This later became 'Gay is Godly, for those who so believe'.
Kameny and Nichols launched the first public protests by gays and lesbians with a picket line at the White House on April 17, 1965. With support from New York's Mattachine Society and the Daughters of Bilitis, the Mattachine Society of Washington expanded the picketing to the Pentagon, the U.S. Civil Service Commission, and to Philadelphia's Independence Hall for what became an Annual ReminderTemplate:Clarifyme for gay rights.
In 1963, Dr. Kameny and Mattachine launched a campaign to overturn sodomy laws and to remove the classification of homosexuality as a mental disorder from the American Psychiatric Association's manual of mental disorders.
In 1971, Dr. Kameny became the first openly gay candidate for the U.S. Congress when he ran in the District of Columbia's first election for a non-voting delegate to Congress. Following that election, Dr. Kameny and his campaign organization created the Gay and Lesbian Alliance of Washington, D.C., an organization which continues to lobby government and press the case for equal rights.
Dr. Kameny was a panel member when John E. Fryer appeared at a 1973 American Psychiatric Association symposium on homosexuality and psychiatry as Dr H. Anonymous, a keyTemplate:Who event in getting homosexuality de-listed as a mental illness.
Dr. Kameny was appointed as the first openly gay member of the District of Columbia's Human Rights Commission in the 1970s.
He was a U.S. Army veteran of World War II in Europe, and served 20 years on the Selective Service board.
In 2007, the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American History included Kameny's picket signs carried in front of the White House in 1965, in the Smithsonian exhibit "Treasures of American History". The Smithsonian now has 12 of the original picket signs carried by gay and lesbian Americans at this first ever White House demonstration. The Library of Congress acquired in 2006 Dr. Kameny's papers documenting his life and leadership.
- Joyce Murdoch & Deb Price, Courting Justice: Gay Men and Lesbians v. The Supreme Court, Basic Books, 10 East 53rd Street, New York New York, 2001.
- Jeff Kisseloff, Generation on Fire: Voices of Protest from the 1960s, University Press of Kentucky, 2007.
- Bullough, Vern L. (2002), Bullough, Vern L., ed., Before Stonewall: Activists for Gay and Lesbian Rights in Historical Context, New York: The Haworth Press, pp. 207, ISBN 1560231939
- Chibbaro Jr., Lou. "Kameny's work finds new home", Washington Blade, 2006-10-04. Retrieved on 2008-03-28.
- Johnson, David K. (2002), “Franklin E. Kameny (1925-)”, in Bullough, Vern L., Before Stonewall: Activists for Gay and Lesbian Rights in Historical Context, New York: The Haworth Press, pp. 209-218, ISBN 1560231939
- HRC | Page Not Found
- Triangle Foundation
- Template:Cite press release
- The official website of the Smithsonian Institution Kameny Papers collection
- The Kameny Pages (includes links to photos, articles, soundbites, and quotations)
- Biography of Kameny
- Strategies for Sodomy Law Repeal (includes a section on Kameny's activism)
- Interview with Kameny
- article from the Washington Post about Kameny
- "Frank Kameny" GLBTQ, An Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Queer Culture
- "A Pariah's Triumph--and America's" 12/07/06 article by Jonathan Rauch